Tuesday, November 1, 2011

The Book of the Foundations - Discussion of Chapter 31 - St. Teresa of Avila - Teresa of Jesus




       The Book of the Foundations
              of S. Teresa of Jesus 
     of the Order of our Lady of Carmel 
      Discussion of Chapter 31 
____________________________
    Account of the Foundation
          of the Monastery of S. Joseph 
              of S. Anne 
       in the city of Burgos in old Castille
       on  19 April 1582,  (or 22 April)
       on the Octave of the Easter
  Envisioning a Foundation 
           in the city of Burgos
  Preparations and Arrangements

      Authorization and License
      Journeying to Burgos  1/2/82
        Arrival in Burgos  1/26/82
        Moved to the Hospital of the Conception
                 2/24/82   for temporary stay             
        The House for the Convent is Purchased
                 (Casa de Mansino3/19/82
        The Archbishop  authorization is  obtained  
                      4/18/82
  The Monastery is Founded  
              4/19/82  ( or 4/22/82) 
        New nuns enter 
           and receive the Carmelite Habit
        The Saint gives up the endowment.  
    
         . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  Addendum
     Factors and Problems Encountered
              affecting the timing of the foundation
          Difficulty in obtaining the permission 
              of the Archdiocese

          Factors affecting St. Teresa
               regarding the foundation in Burgos
  Catalina de Tolosa
  Prayers for the Benefactors of the Foundations
        ____________________


















_______________________
      Discussion of Chapter 31 
    Account of the Foundation
          of the Monastery of S. Joseph 
              of S. Anne 
       in the city of Burgos in old Castille

       on  19 April 1582,      
       on the Octave of the Easter

       "In 1582 Easter Day fell on 15th April, 
          and the octave day was 22nd April
       xix in the text may be an error for xxii."
         ( 19 in the text may be an error for 22 )
         [ Foundations: Ch. 31: Foot note #1 ]





















[The above  Drawings are from: 
"St Teresa of Jesus of the Order
     of Our Lady of Mt Carmel
   embracing The Life , Relations, 
    Maxims, and Foundations"
Edited by John J. Burke, C.S.P.
from www.books.google.com  ]
     _____________________
  Envisioning a Foundation 
           in the city of Burgos
       Previously...
          "More than six years ago 
               (some Jesuit Fathers)
          said to me 
               that it would be a great service
                     rendered to our Lord 
                if a house of  this holy order 
                     were founded in Burgos
       They gave me some reasons 
               in favour of it 
          which moved me to wish for it".
       But.."The troubles 
                     of the order, and
                     of the other foundations, 
          left me no opportunity of making it."
                      [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #1]
       Then regarding the time approximately 1580
            St. Teresa wrote of  the Foundations
                 of  Palencia and Burgos:

            "This foundation  (Palenica),
                     with that of Burgos
               had been under consideration 
                      for nearly a year, 
                           [ Foundation: Ch. 29:  #2]
       
  Preparations and Arrangements

      Authorization and License

          The Diocese of Burgos
                "...Burgos in old Castille, 
                       an episcopal city raised in 1574 
                 to the rank of an archbishopric"  
                           [ Foundation: Ch. 30
                                           Foot note  #9]
             
            ◦ The Authorization of the Archbishop 
                       was needed 
                The diocese of the city of  Burgos 
                   was  an archbishopric
                 and so under the  jurisprudence 
                   of the Archbishop, Don Christobal Vela
             "Council of Trent:  Session 25
                  On Regulars And Nuns 

                Seventh Decree:  Chapter 3
                "No Monasteries, to be erected 
                   without the Bishop's leave. 
                "nor shall any such places 

                   be henceforth erected, 

                 without the permission of the bishop, 

                   in whose diocese they are to be erected,

                  being first obtained."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                           Foot note  #5]
      
               Then in 1580
                St. Teresa "begged"
                     the Bishop of Palencia, 
                     Don Alvaro de Mendoza
                          who helped her 
                              with her foundation  in Avila
                          when he was the bishop of Avila

                "to ask the Archbishop 
                    ( Don Christobal Vela )
                           to allow us 
                  to make a foundation in Burgos, 
                           [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #1]
           ◦ The Bishop of Palencia asks
                  the Archbishop for  authorization:
                "He then asked permission for me 
                      to found the monastery."
                               [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #2]
             ◦ The Archbishop agrees 
                "The archbishop said 
                      he would give it with pleasure"
                                [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #2]

                "Accordingly the bishop told me 
                       not to wait for the license, 
                 - for the archbishop was very glad 
                       to have the monastery; 
                                    and 
                 - as the council (of Trent) does not say          
                       that the license is to be in writing, 
                     but only that the bishop's consent 
                       is to be had, 
                   the license might be taken for granted. 
                           [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #2]
                "1580...
                  The archbishop of Burgos gives leave 
                       to found a house in his cathedral city
                            ch. xxxi. i."
                            [ Foundations: Introduction
                               'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
                "and so I began at once 
                      to make arrangements 
                  for both foundations, 
                       (Palencia and Burgos )
                              [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #4]
           The Provincial of the Carmelite Order
                provided authorization for the convent
                April 9, 1581
  

                "The patent authorizing S. Teresa
                       to make a foundation at Burgos 
                   was written by the Provincial, 
                      Father Jerome, 
                      9th April 1581." 
                              [Foundations: Ch 31:
                                     Foot note # 8 ] 

                   She received it at Palencia 
                    Before setting out for Soria.      
                                [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  
                                                Foot note:  #8]
           Obtaining the permission of the City
                  "and so after my departure for Avila, 
                     ( September 1581
                     Catalina de Tolosa...
                  ...
                 ...thinking there was nothing more 
                       to be done 
                  except getting the permission of the city, 
                   (she) began to solicit it...
                           [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #8 ] 
                  "a magistrate, 
                   Don Alonso 
                        de Santo Domingo Manrique"
                   neighbor of Catalina de Tools and
                       (son of )  Dona Maria Manrique
                   "who desired the foundation greatly" 
                        and 
                     who "discussed the matter with him 
                         that he might ask the consent 
                          Of the council of the city. 
                  He spoke to Catalina de Tools"
                  If the council would require 
                      an endowment 
                  She said "that she would bind herself 
                      to give us a house...
                      and  maintain us
                  and thereupon presented a petition 
                     Signed with her name. 
                  Don Alonso  
                  - obtained leave 
                     from all the magistrates, 
                  - went to the archbishop, and 
                     showed him the permission 
                          In writing. 
                                  [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #9 ] 
                  Other chroniclers
                     refer to him as 
                  'Don Antonio Santo Domingo
                    y Manrique', 
                    procurador mayor.'
                  "On 4th November  1581,
                     he petitioned the town council..."
     
                  "The council commissioned him 
                     To wait upon the archbishop. 
                  The latter evidently raised objections,
                     for on the 7th
                  (he)  presented to the council 
                      The following petition : 

                    ...that the convent of Discalced nuns 
                      shall be duly provided for, 
                    promis(ing)
                      to give them a house wherein to live, 
                         and 
                      to provide for their livelihood
                         If their be any need for it. 
    
                      ....the council passed 
                          The following resolution: 
   
                      ...that the said convent be 
                       established and exist and remain 
                           in this town, 
                       their lordships giving their consent 
                         [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  
                                         Foot note #13] 
    Looking for a  House 
                "Catalina de Tolosa... 
                   a holy widow, in the city of Burgos 
                         [Foundations: Ch 31:  #7 ] 
          
               "we considered the archbishop's consent 
                   so certain 
                that we did not think 
                   there was any reason for delay, 
                and so I asked her 
                - to find me a house we might hire 
                       in order to take possession, 
                - to set up the grating and the turn, 
                              and 
                 - put it to my account, 
                      never thinking she would spend
                           any money of her own, 
                      But only that she would lend it to me. 
                                  [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #8 ] 
       Journeying to Burgos
                 "1582 2nd Jan. 
                   The Saint leaves Avila 
                        on her way to Burgos...
                    Where she arrives...26th Jan. 
                       (ch. xxxi. 18)."
                     [ Foundations: Introduction
                      'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
             Her companions include:
                Fr Jerome Gratin  of the Mother of God
                    "Fray Jerome, the provincial,
                         came, it seems, from Salamanca, 
                      having two friars with him — 
                      one Fray Pedro of the Purification
                      The other may have been a lay brother.
                       [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                          Foot note  #19]
              
               From  Alba de Tormes;
                    Tomasina of the Baptist
                   and 
               From Valladolid, 
                    Catherine of the Assumption
                    Catherine of Jesus. 
               From Palencia
                    Ines of the Cross
                          and  
               From Avila
                    Mary of the Baptist, a lay sister.
              Also traveling with her were:
                   Anne of S. Bartholomew
                    Teresa of Jesus, (her own niece)
               but they would return with her to Avila. 
                "The Father Provincial would go with us    
                        to make the foundation, 
                  - partly because 
                      he...had to so to Soria 
                             and
                  - partly that he might look 
                        after my health on the journey...         
                          [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #14 ] 

                   "The Saint took 
                        Tomasina of the Baptist,
                               niece of Teresa de Layz 
                      from Alba de Tormes; 
                      from Valladolid, 
                               Catherine of the Assumption
                           daughter of Dona Catalina de Tolosa, 
                                   and 
                               Catherine of Jesus
                      From Palencia
                       the Saint took
                                Ines of the Cross
                        having left Avila 
                       with her constant companion the
                            Venerable Anne  
                                          of S. Bartholomew
                       with another lay sister, 
                                Mary of the Baptist
                        who was to remain in Burgos. 
                        She also took with her 
                               Teresa of Jesus
                               her own niece, 
                        who with Anne of S. Bartholomew 
                         was to return with her to Avila."
                                   [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                          Foot note  #21]
    Arrival in Burgos.                              

                       "We arrived on 
                            Friday, 26th January
                        the day after the feast 
                            of the Conversion of Saint Paul. 
                       Our intention was 
                            to make the foundation at once"
                       She brought with her letters 
                           from  Canon Salinas  and others    
                              (Martin Alonso Salinas)
                        "urging their relatives…,friends,...others
                              ... to befriend us in our work"
                             ( and) 
                        "they did so...   
                         - were glad  that I had come, 
                                    and 
                         - I was to consider wherein 
                              they could be of service to me"

                        "we intended to inform the Archbishop
                                 ( of their arrival) 
                          that we might have 
                               the first Mass said at once, 
                          as in almost all places; 
                          but it was not done 
                                on account of the weather."
                                   [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #18]    
          ▪ The Archbishop's Response
                
              ◦  Requirements
                  But when the Archbishop was informed 
                        of their arrival, 
                  St. Teresa "found him changed, 
                         and angry at my coming 
                             without his leave...
                         as if he had never sent for me 
                     The archbishop...said so afterwards, 
                      ...if we had plainly told him 
                             (that)  we were coming 
                      he would have forbidden us to come."
                 
                      He apparently still wanted to discuss
                           the conditions of  the foundation:
                     "he said he meant 
                      I was to come alone 
                            to arrange the affair with him"
                                         [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #19]
                 He issued further requirements to be met.
                     In addition to the endowment 
                         and purchase of  a house,    
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #19]  
                 he said    
                     - "that  the endowment and 
                           the house we were to buy 
                          were not to be taken out of any dowry
                                the nuns might bring with them".
                                           [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #20]     

                     - "we were to give security 
                               for the purchase of a house, 
                               and 
                           we were not to leave the place 
                               we were in"
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #21]  
                She was also informed
                           by  the Vicar-general 
                       
                    - "that the archbishop now 
                           did not like us 
                        to make the foundation 
                            in the house  we were staying in,    
                        because 
                                     it was damp 
                                          and 
                                     in a street that was very noisy
  
                                       ...and 
                    - the archbishop must be pleased 
                           with the house."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #23]      
          ◦  Not permitted to have Mass said 
                in the house where they are staying
          
                 He further refused them 
                     "permission for Mass to be said 
                 in the house" where they were staying
                 which necessitated them to travel
                     through the streets to the church
                 in the bad weather and dirty streets
                     while she was ill.
                     "out into the streets, 
                       which were very dirty: 
                       it was not seemly 
                       that we should go out, 
                          being  barefooted."
                  "There was a suitable room in the house 
                           (where they were staying) 
                    which had been  the church 
                        of the Society of Jesus  
                     ... used for more than ten years; 
   
                (but) "We were never able to persuade him 
                     to let us hear  Mass therein" 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #21]      
        Their upkeep
           "Catalina de Tolosa, however, 
               was so kind to us, 
                         and 
                took such care of  me, 
                        and 
                fed us the whole of that month... 
            in a part of the house 
             where we lived by ourselves. 
             The Father Provincial and his companions 
                were lodged in the house of a friend of his."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #22]      

    Obtaining the security 
            in order to purchase a house of their own

                  "The sureties we found at once, 
                     for the friends of the Canon Salinas 
                         offered themselves, 
                             and 
                  Catalina de Tolosa offered an endowment. 
                                           [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #22] 
   
  
        Interim Lodging
               while a house was sought
              The Father Provincial, Fr. Jerome
                "and his friends contrived
                      to have rooms assigned us 
                    in the Hospital of the Conception;  
                        ...on the eve of S. Mathias...
                 the Most Holy Sacrament was there, 
                          and 
                Mass was said every day. 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #26]      
   
                "a place where we could 
                         hear Mass 
                             and 
                        live enclosed"
  
       A House is Found and Purchased
                 Casa de Mansino.

          ▪ Searching for a house
              "From the eve of S. Mathias
                            ( February 24, 1582 (?) )
                    when we came to the hospital, 
                 until the eve of S. Joseph, 
                            ( March 18, 1582 )
                    we were busy in looking 
                   at this house and at that; 
                 they had...so many disadvantages, 

                 one...had been for sale for some time, 
                 and, though there were so many Orders
                      looking for a house, 
                 it pleased God 
                      that none of them liked this"  
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 30: #19]      
                
                St. Teresa "thought 
                 - that though it were as bad 
                      as it was said to be, 
                   it might be a refuge for us 
                      in our necessity, 
                               and 
                 - that we might sell it later. 
                   and so we made up our minds 
                         to treat for the purchase of it.  
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #31]      

                  "The house belonged then
                         to Don Manuel Francis 
                    and his wife Dona Angela Mansino, 
                         and was called Casa de Mansino
                                       [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  
                                                       Foot Note  #39]
              ▪  Purchasing the house

                  "The nobleman 
                       to whom the house belonged 
                    ... had given authority to sell it
                       to an ecclesiastic                              
   
                      the ecclesiastic came here, 
                       and the licentiate also...   
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #32]      
  
                       Don Diego Ruiz de Ayala 
                       who held a chaplaincy at the Cathedral, 
                             (and)
                     Don Martin Perez de Rozas
                         also a chaplain.
                                             [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                           Foot Note #40]     

                    "This meeting took place before Mass 
                     on the eve of the glorious S. Joseph...

                      the  sale 
                           was made, 
                                    and 
                            could not be set aside,                 
                     on the eve...of the glorious S. Joseph"
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #33]   
   
                     Immediately, the next day
                          the deeds were drawn up, 
                     and one-third of the money was paid 
                         on the demand of the ecclesiastic" 
                                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #34]   
                     "...Canon Juan Alonso Salinas
                       His name appears in the deed
                            of the foundation, 
                       dated 19th April 1582. 
                                          [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                  Foot Note #9 ]  


                     "In point of fact the deed shows
                       that the purchase took place 
                            on the 12th
                       and its ratification on the 16th; 
                       In a letter to Father Mariano, 
                         dated 18th March 1582,
                       the Saint tells him 
                         that the house has been bought. 
                       Perhaps the deed was delivered 
                                       on the 18th. 

                      On the 16th 
                      Saint Teresa had already given power
                          to Father Peter of the Purification 
                      to take possession of the house 
                         which he did without delay 
                      as appears from a document 
                         signed by him on the same day..."      
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31:
                                                   Foot note #41]      

                    "The house was sold to the saint 
                          for thirteen hundred ducats, 
                                  and 
                          Dona Catalina de Tolosa 
                       paid one-third of the money at once."
                          [ Foundation: Ch. 31:
                                                   Foot note #42]   

                ▪  Fixing and converting the house
                  
                      "The  (licentiate) was 
                              for more than a month 
                         helping us and 
                         arranging the house 
                             so as to make it suit us, 
                              and at little cost."
                                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #35]


                      "All the furniture we required 
                            for fitting up the house 
                       ( Catalina de Tolosa)  gave us 
                            — beds and many things besides"
                                          [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #38]      
            ▪ The Archbishop's Response
             But when the Archbishop was informed 
                that they had obtained a suitable House
             he still withheld the license.

              "the archbishop ...was very glad..."
                      to hear they had bought a house.
             Yet he was angry to hear 
                that they had moved into it 
              without consulting him first and
                "that I wished to act 
                               as if free from his authority".           
                 "Notwithstanding all the goodwill 
                             he professed, 
                   we found no way to make him willing
                           to grant the license."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #36]      
        The Archbishop grants the  license
              St. Teresa continued to request 
                  the aid and intercession 
                      of the Bishop of Palencia
               to speak with the Archbishop
                  regarding the founding of the monastery
                  and "what a service to God it would be". 
                  "Doctor Manso,                           
                      canon-preacher in the cathedral"
                                     [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #22 ] 
                  "Doctor Manso was pressing 
                         at the same time"          
             
              "...the archbishop 
                - granted the license,
                              and 
                - sent...Hernando Matanza with it".    
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #40]      

               "The authorization is dated 18th April...
                  In a letter of 13th April, the Saint thanks 
                  the bishop of Palencia for his intervention. 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                    Foot Note #45]  

  The Monastery is Founded
                "The archbishop, after many shiftings, 
                         yields at last 
                   and the monastery is founded 
                            22nd April. "
                                [ Foundations: Introduction
                                   'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
                 Burgos, the 17th foundation 
                      for the Discalced Carmelite Nuns
                   was  founded  on 4/22/1582:
                      "17. Burgos
                        22 April, 1582
                      ( Foundations ch. xxxi. 41. )"
                            [ Foundations: Introduction ]
        ▪ The First Mass is said
                 
                "the first Mass was said 
                         on the next morning (April 19, 1582) 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                    Foot Note #45]  
                "Doctor Manso had leave
                      from the Archbishop 
                  to say Mass the next day, 
                           and 
                  to reserve the Most Holy Sacrament
                  He said the first Mass
                  "and the high Mass was sung
                       by the Father Prior of S. Paul's 
                       of the order of  S. Dominic,             

                   The Father Prior sang the Mass 
                      with very solemn music played..."  
                                  [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #41]   
                 "Fray Juan de Arcediano
                        Prior of the Dominican convent 
                         of San Pablo,
                  (later reported) the  fact of 
                   his having said the first Mass 
                                   at the Carmelite convent, 
                   at which the Archbishop assisted
                             and  
                   having reserved the Blessed Sacrament
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                    Foot Note #45]  
                  "The Saint, in a letter 
                       sent to the Bishop of Palencia, 
                                April 13, 1582, 
                    said that the first mass was to be said 
                         on the last day of Eastertide, 
                    which would be April 22nd
                     Yepes and the chronicler say 
                          it was said April 9, 
                      and Ribera on the 13th. 
                     The heading of the chapter
                   "The First Mass is Said 
                           19 April 1582,       
                    Octave of the Feast of the Resurrection"
                              and 
                    the letter agree in placing the blessing 
                      of the church on Low Sunday, 
                    and though difficulty is made 
                        by the statement 
                    that the octaves of Easter fell 
                        in 1582 on the 19th, 
                    instead of on the 22nd day of April."
                       [ Book of Foundations Ch 31 
                          Paragraph #41's Footnote
                          Teresa of Jesus
                            transl. by D. Lewis 1871 ]
                      "In 1582 easter day fell on April 15,
                        and the octave day must have been 
                                   April 22nd;
                         xix in the text may be an error
                              for xxii."
                         [ St Teresa of Jesus of the Order
                               of Our Lady of Mt Carmel
                             embracing The Life , Relations, 
                               Maxims, and Foundations"
                             Edited by John J. Burke, C.S.P.    
                               1911 ]
          Prioress and Sub-prioress
                "Sister Tomasina was made prioress, and 
                Catherine of Jesus, from Valladolid, 
                       sub-prioress   
                                             [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                      Foot note  #21]
          New nuns enter 
                    and receive the Carmelite Habit
                  "the Archbishop ... gave the habit
                    to a daughter of Catalina de Tolosa, 
                    (Helena of Jesus) 
                                            and 
                         to another nun who soon came in" 
                        (Dona Beatriz 
                         del Arceo y Covarrubias)
                                          [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #45]
                     "Helena of Jesus, 
                                  the youngest of the daughters, 
                                  who were all Carmelite nuns"
                                          [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                 Foot Note #49]
                                  "Elenita (Helena of Jesus) 
                                       who received it 
                                   from the archbishop himself 
                                        in presence of S. Teresa, 
                                    but did not make profession 
                                         until 25th June 1586. 
                                         [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                Foot Note  #12 ] 
                     "Dona Beatriz 
                       del Arceo y Covarrubias)
                        widow of Don Hernando Venero, 
                         a gentleman at the court of Philip II. 
                         She made her profession 
                                24th May 1583
                          and was afterwards 
                             mistress of novices 
                             and prioress of Vitoria. 
                         Her name in religion was 
                               Beatriz of Jesus."
                                          [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                 Foot Note #50]

  The Saint gives up the endowment.  
          "Some time after the house was founded, 
           it was thought 
               by the Father Provincial and myself 
           that the endowment furnished 
                    by Catalina de Tolosa 
               had certain inconveniences 
                    which might end 
                        in a lawsuit for us, 
                                and
                        in some trouble for herself...

           we, all, before a notary 
            - renounced the property she had given us...
                            and 
           - sent her all the deeds. 

           "...when it is once known of a house 
             that it is founded in poverty 
                there is nothing to be afraid of, 
              because everybody helps it, 
             but when the house is known 
                 to be endowed 
             there is evidently a risk, 
                 and 
             it may have to remain for a time 
                 without the means 
             of supplying itself with food."
             However,  Catalina de Tolosa 
                 and her daughters
               did make provision for  this convent.
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #43]      
  
            "But I have always held 
                 that the nuns will never be in want, 
              because our Lord, 
                 who sends succour 
                    to monasteries dependent on alms, 
                 - will raise up people to do 
                        as much for this house, 
                               or 
                - will find means to maintain it. 

            ...I have begged our Lord from time to time, 
            as it was His will
               (that) the foundation should be made, 
            - to come to its relief, 
                 and 
            - supply what is necessary for it; 

            ...One day, 
                thinking of this after communion, 
            I heard our Lord say:
              'Why doubt ? 
               This is now done; 
                thou mayest safely go '
                — making me to understand 
                     that the nuns would never be 
                        in want of that 
                    which might be necessary for them. 
             I felt 
                as if I were leaving them 
             amply endowed, 
                   and 
             have never been anxious about them since."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #44]      
         _____________________________
Addendum
      Afterward
                 "1582 24th May. 
                 The monastery in Burgos is flooded, 
                          and the nuns are in great danger."
                               [ Foundations: Introduction
                                     'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
                    "1582
                    She leaves Burgos 
                          about the end of July 
                     for Palencia and Valladolid."
                               [ Foundations: Introduction
                                  'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
_______________________ 
     Factors and Problems Encountered
              affecting the timing of the foundation
           
     Difficulty in obtaining the permission 
              of the Archdiocese
        
        Intermittently but ongoing
        the Archbishop expresses new 
            Reservations and Conditions
         regarding the founding of a convent at Burgos.
                It seems as his conditions were satisfied,
                   new and additional concerns arose.
                Among his subsequent or dilatory concerns
                 that were treated and satisfied by St. Teresa
                 were:
                 - The consent of the city was provided;
                 - A House, security, 
                        and endowment / maintenance
                     was promised by Catalina de Tolosa;
                 - That other Orders and their Monasteries
                      already existing in Burgos in poverty,
                    would be affected by the foundation
                      of yet another  foundation,
                     this prospective Carmelite foundation.
               
                   "he always said
                     that he wished the foundation to be made 
                                 more than any one...

                    In his conduct this did not appear, 
                       for he asked for things 
                    which evidently were 
                       beyond our power to do"
                      [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #29]  
     
                 This seeming vacillation on the part 
                     of the Archbishop spanned the period of
                         1580  until 4/ 22/ 1582
            ▪ Initially desires a  foundation in Burgos
                   The Bishop of Palenica 
                  "asked permission for me 
                          to found the monastery. 
                   The archbishop said 
                           he would give it with pleasure; 
                    he had asked for one in the Canaries, 
                    and had longed to have there 
                        one of these monasteries, 
                    because he knew 
                    how much our Lord is served in them,  
                    ...and was well acquainted  with me.     
                   Accordingly the bishop told me 
                       the archbishop was very glad 
                        to have the monastery"
                              [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #2]
                  "1580...
                   The archbishop of Burgos gives leave 
                       to found a house in his cathedral city
                            ch. xxxi. i."
                            [ Foundations: Introduction
                               'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
           ▪ Defers her to the City Council
                 and requires an endowment

                 "The archbishop, 
                     in a letter to me,  said...
                  - that he desired my coming; 
                       made arrangements with the canon 
                           and 
                       wrote to the bishop, 
                            putting himself in his hands  

                 - that I must come in 
                        with the consent of the town; 
                    in short, the conclusion was 
                     that I was to go and treat, 
                        in the first place, 
                     with the city, 
                     and 
                     if it refused permission, 
                        his hands could not be tied, 
                     nor himself  hindered, 
                        from giving it; 
                      ...

                 - that it would not be right 
                       to found the monastery 
                    unless 
                       with an endowment, 
                    or 
                       with the consent of the city...   
                     — a condition I did not like"        
                             [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #5]
              July 13, 1581
                   "In a letter, written in Soria 
                          13th July 1581,...
                     the Saint speaks of her"...misgivings
                          regarding the dependability 
                     of the conditions."
                    [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  
                                Foot note # 10]
              November 29, 1581
              Relating to a letter received by St. Teresa
                   on November 29, 1581,
                                  [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                          Foot Note #16]
                   "from Catalina de Tolosa 
                        and her friend, Dona Catalina 
                     pressing me to make haste"
                     because of another concern 
                         of the Archbishop's that arose.
                     There were many orders that
                       had or intending to found monastery
                      in that city which he felt 
                         could not be sustained"

                    "the archbishop, 
                        thinking of all the difficulties 
                      that might arise, 
                        forbade it, 
                      for he considered 
                      that a new house would be a wrong 
                        done to the orders founded in poverty, 
                      in that they would not be able
                         to maintain themselves"
                              [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #12]
                Then before January 1582 
                   in planning to travel to Burgos,
                St. Teresa 
                "Catalina de Tolosa 
                     had already written to me to say 
                  - that she had the house 
                        in which she lived 
                     secured for the purpose 
                         of taking possession, 
                  - that the city had consented, 
                             and 
                  - the archbishop also"
                  At thie time, she wrote to
                   the Provincial, Father Jerome"
                 " they had written to me from Burgos
                    saying 
                     - that they had arranged 
                             with (the Archbishop)
                     - that the consent of the city 
                             had been asked and obtained, 
                                     and 
                     - that the archbishop was satisfied 
                                      with it"  
                              [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #13]
           ▪  Arrival at Burgos
               The Archbishop seems to be angry
                  that she arrived with the nuns
               before arrangements were completed
                  although the endowment assured
                      and the ciy's permission obtained.
               He adds requirement:
                  - They must purchase their own house
                  -  they must pay down security
                  - that the above could not be paid
                       for by the dowery of   nuns
                  - that they were not to purchase the house
                        where they were presently staying
                             (damp and  very noisy)
                  - that the archbishop must be pleased 
                     with the house that they would purchase.
          
                   January 2, 1582
                       "We arrived  (in Burgos) on 
                              Friday, 26th January..."
                              [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #18]    
                      "Early in the morning 
                       the Father Provincial went to his Grace
                           to ask his blessing, 
                       for we thought 
                            that was all we had to do. 
                          He found him changed, 
                               and angry at my coming 
                          without his leave, 
                          as if he had never sent for me 
                             or meddled at all in the matter; 

                         Then, admitting
                                that he had sent for me, 
                          he said he meant 
                            I was to come alone 
                                to arrange the affair with him; 
  
                         To tell him 
                          - that we had already arranged 
                                 with the city, 
                             as he had asked us to do...              
                             was all to no purpose whatever. 

                          the Archbishop...said so afterwards, 
                          - ...if we had plainly told him 
                             (that)  we were coming 
                           he would have forbidden us to come. 

                         - that unless we 
                            -- were endowed and 
                            -- had a house of our own 
                                he never would give his consent" 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #19]      
                        - "that  the endowment and 
                           the house we were to buy 
                          were not to be taken out of any dowry
                                the nuns might bring with them." 
                                           [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #20]     

                       -  "that an endowment being assured 
                           the foundation might be made there
                           (when)  we bought a house, 
                              and 
                          to obtain this 
                          we were to give security 
                               for the purchase of a house, 
                               and 
                           we were not to leave the place 
                               we were in."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #21]      
                         Later, after the security was obtained,
                          "the Vicar-General sent me a note 
                         - that the license would not be granted 
                              till we had a house of our own; 
                          - that the archbishop now 
                               did not like us 
                              to make the foundation 
                            in the house  we were staying in,    
                             because 
                                     it was damp 
                                          and 
                                     in a street that was very noisy; 

                              ...as if the matter were then 
                                     discussed for the first time;
  
                                       ...and 
                              - the archbishop must be pleased 
                                      with the house."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #23]   
   
                           "1582... (around spring of 1582) 
                            "The archbishop of Burgos 
                                   makes it difficult 
                              for the Saint to found a house. 
                             She and her nuns are lodged 
                                  for a time 
                              in the Hospital of the Conception."
                                      [ Foundations: Introduction
                                          'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
          ▪  When  a house is found and purchased
             St. Teresa wrote that in  March 1582, 
                 when they had purchased a house,
              "the archbishop ...was very glad..."
             Yet he was angry to hear 
                that they had moved into it 
              without consulting him first.
              
                           "He was angry also 
                           when he heard 
                            that we had a  grating  and a turn, 
                               for it made him think 
                            that I wished to act 
                               as if free from his authority;
                       I wrote to him, and said 
                           that I had no such wish,
                       only that we had done 
                    what is done in the house of persons 
                         who live in retirement
                          — that I had not dared
                                to put up even a cross...
           
                    Notwithstanding all the goodwill 
                         he professed, 
                    we found no way to make him willing
                         to grant the license."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #36] 
                    "The archbishop, after many shiftings, 
                          yields at last 
                       and the monastery is founded 
                                    22nd April. "
                   [ Foundations: Introduction
                      'Annals of the Saint's Life' ] 
         ___________________________
     St. Teresa's  Perspective of  problem
      Generally, throughout this book,
        St. Teresa was accustom to 
       and even expected opposition and resistance 
           to her foundations.
     Regarding the vacillation  of the Archbishop:
     Although in foot notes # 43,
      the editor  refers to the "obstinancy" 
                of the Archbishop
      St. Teresa, in the chapter, 
            spoke of  his goodness.
     The Archbishop of Burgos, 
     "Don Christobal Vela
     son of the viceroy of Peru, 
     whose brother was S. Teresa's Godfather
     The family belonged to Avila and 
        were befriended with S. Teresa's parents."
                     [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                    Foot Note #2 ]
      She did, however, find his actions inconsistent 
            with his words.
       Her letter of  July 13, 1581
           referenced in the footnote #10
        mentions St. Teresa's uncertainty 
             of the Archbishop's conviction to action.    

                          "he always said
                            that he wished the foundation
                                      to be made 
                             more than any one; 
                            and I believe it, 
                               for he is so good a Christian 
                            that he would not say 
                               that which is not true. 
                            In his conduct 
                                   this did not appear..."
                                  [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #29 ]

                            "Notwithstanding all the goodwill 
                                   he professed, 
                             we found no way
                                   to make him willing..."
                                           [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #36 ]

   
                           "I  think I saw beforehand 
                              how little we could rely on him... 

                            ...because the archbishop made 
                                  so many difficulties 
                            after showing 
                                  such good dispositions before, 
                            and so I said nothing 
                                 of my suspicions, 
                             to avoid causing disagreements 
                                         [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #6 ]

   From her perspective,  she saw his resistance as  
         "a device of Satan 
           to hinder the foundation."
           [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #29 ]
                             "I always felt assured
                               -  that all this was for the best 
                                   — a plot of Satan 
                                        to hinder the foundation — 
                                               (But) 
                               - that God would prosper 
                                        His (Foundation) work." 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #20] 

                               The Lord said to her,
                               "...Satan is exerting all his strength 
                                      to hinder the foundation: 
                                Do thou  exert thine 
                                     on My behalf 
                                 that it may be made, 
                                     and 
                                 go thyself without fail, 
                                    for the fruits of it will be great"  
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #11] 

                                 "it may be 
                                   that the devil suggested it 
                                  in order to do away 
                                      with the good 
                                 which God works 
                                 wherever many monasteries
                                        are built..."
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #12] 
  She saw God's Will and His Providence at work:
                        "But, O Lord, 
                           how plain it is 
                           that Thou art mighty ! 
                           the very means 
                             which Satan sought 
                           for the purpose of  hindering it 
                          Thou didst employ to make it better" 
                                      [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #29 ]

  
                        "O my Lord, how true it is 
                          that he 
                           who shall render Thee a service 
                                 is immediately rewarded 
                            by a great cross! 
                          And what a priceless reward it is 
                          if they who truly love Thee,
                             only knew its value at the time ! 
                         But we did not then 
                             desire the reward,
                         because it seemed 
                              to make the foundation 
                         altogether impossible"
                                      [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #20]  
                        "and thus there seems to be 
                          no other reason to give than this
                         — that it was the good pleasure 
                                of our Lord 
                              we should suffer." 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #37] 

                            "God willed the foundation 
                                      of the house"
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #19] 
  Providence 
  
      ▪ Regarding "the purchase of this house, 
          ...the truth is (it was)  
          nothing less than a miracle, 
           whether it be the price, 
             which was so small, 
           or the blindness of all the religious
             who had seen it, 
                    and 
              which hindered them 
                     from taking it: 

            and we can truly say that, under God,
               (the  licentiate)  gave us the house.  
            ...and as God had given him the will, 
                so he brought our affair to an end. 

           It seemed clear 
           that our Lord had been keeping the house 
                for Himself,
           for almost everything seemed  
                to have been done for our use. 

           ...as if prepared for us, 
           it seemed to me a dream 
             — everything was done so quickly. 
             Our Lord repaid us well 
                 for what we had gone through 
             when He brought us into a paradise 
              — for the garden, the view, and the water 
                   seemed nothing else.  
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #35]     
      ▪  Regarding the Foundations

               "Our Lord, knowing my misery, 
                    always helps me by words and deeds. 
                 He began to encourage me 
                     from the very first. 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #3 ]   

                 "He asked me...
                     'What was I afraid of? '
                      Had He ever failed me?                 
                     'I am the same:
                     Fail not to make
                          these two foundations.'  
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #4]   

                  "I remembered 
                   what our Lord had said to me,       
                    that I was to make this foundation 
                        for Him, 
                    I was so confident it would be made 
                        that scarcely anything vexed me; 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #24]   

                   The sisters had prayed much to S. Joseph 
                    that they might have a house 
                          for his feast, and, 
                    though they did not think 
                          they could have one so soon, 
                    their prayer was heard: 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #33]   
              "and until now 
                people have never failed  
                           to provide for us, 
                nor will our Lord 
                     leave His brides to suffer 
               if they serve Him according
                     to the obligations under which they lie. 
              To this end may His Majesty 
                     give them His grace 
               out of His great compassion and goodness !"
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #45] 
              ▪  Regarding the Journey
   
                 "The Father Provincial would go with us  
                          to make the foundation...
                  It was certainly a providence of God, 
                        for the roads were in such a state 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #14] 

                 The truth is, 
                  our Lord had said to me 
                       that we might go on safely 
                            — not to be afraid — 
                  for He would be with us. 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #15] 
         _________________________
   Factors affecting St. Teresa
       regarding the foundation in Burgos
             
       This brief description of  the many factors 
           regarding St. Teresa's health and obligations
       which also affected 
          - the timing of the foundation at Burgos 
                         and
          - St. Teresa's ability to travel to Burgos
        is included here.
        From her comments, 
         it seems that a foundation in Burgos 
               was pondered in 1579 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 29:  #2]
         and perhaps even as early as 
                "more than six years ago"
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #1]

             ▪  Her illnesses and weakness
           
                 "1580 
                  March 31 (1580)   has a paralytic stroke 
                    ... at Toledo. 
                  August 1580
                   Goes on from Ávila to Medina del Campo
                        and (August 8) Valladolid ...
                   At Valladolid has a recurrence 
                       of the Toledo complaint 
                   and becomes dangerously ill... 
                        [Complete Works St. Teresa of Avila   
                         Volume 1
                          'An outline of the Life of St. Teresa' 
                          Transl by Edgar Allison Peers ]
                    In the beginning of August  (1580)
                    ... she is very ill, 
                    and believed to be dying  [ch. xxix. i]."
                         [ Foundations: Introduction
                               'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
                 "It appears from a letter dated Soria, 
                           14th July 1581
                    that the Provincial 
                    Fray Jerome of the Mother of God...
                    that she was therefore not to travel 
                       in the winter to Burgos."
                                 [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  
                                                       Foot note # 14]
                   "I wrote to the bishop of Palencia...  
                         that, as
                         - the summer was nearly over (1581)
                               and 
                         - my infirmities such as to disable me
                                from staying in so cold a climate, 
                            the matter  (of Burgos) might rest 
                                for the present." 
                                    [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #6]
                   "It was my want of  health 
                     that most frequently wearied me 
                          while making this foundation; 
                     the cold was nothing
                          — at least, I did not feel it — 
                     certainly not more, I think, 
                           than I did in Toledo. "
                          [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #11]
           ▪ The death of her brother, Don Lorenzo
                  June 26, 1580"
                      [ Complete Works St. Teresa of Avila   
                        Volume 1
                         'An outline of the Life of St. Teresa' 
                         Transl by Edgar Allison Peers ]
                  "1580  28th June. 
                   Death of the Saint's brother Don Lorenzo. 
                   The Saint is obliged to go to Avila 
                      to arrange the affairs of her brother. "
                            [ Foundations: Introduction
                               'Annals of the Saint's Life' ]
                  July 1580
                    "Goes (July 6) from Segovia to Ávila,
                      to settle his business affairs" 
                      [ Complete Works St. Teresa of Avila   
                        Volume 1
                         'An outline of the Life of St. Teresa' 
                         Transl by Edgar Allison Peers ]
          ▪ The needs of  her  other foundations
                 
                ◦  Palencia
                    
                      "better to make 
                          the foundation of Palencia first, 
                        because 
                          - it was nearer, and.... 
                          - Burgos so cold...and
                          - it would please the 
                                 good bishop of Palencia"  
                                   [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #4 ]
                      Palencia was eventually founded  
                            29th December 1580 and
                       relocated approximately May 26, 1581
                         
                ◦ Soria 
                     
                   "the foundation of Soria was offered
                     and I thought that... 
                    it would be best to go thither first, 
                      and thence to Burgos."
                                   [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  #5]
                   Though she already received 
                     the authorization from Father Jerome, 
                                   9th April 1581
                           before setting out for Soria. 
                                   [ Foundation: Ch. 31:  
                                                       Foot note # 8]
                      Soria was eventually founded 
                                 June 3, 1581
  
                 ◦ Avila
                     St. Teresa was also summoned to Avila
                     and arrived there on September 5,  1581
                        "went from Soria to Avila"
                        "my going to the house 
                               of S. Joseph in Avila 
                         was very necessary for many reasons" 
                                   [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #6]      
                         See also 
                                   Foundation: Ch. 30: #12's Note 

        ▪ The Journey to Burgos, itself.
                       "The Saint went from Avila 
                          on Monday, 2nd January 1582
                         and arrived in Medina del Campo 
                           on Wednesday the 4th, 
                         staying there till Monday the 9th, 
                           when she started for Valladolid 
                               (Letter of 8th January 1582). 
                         She was detained for four days 
                                in Valladolid by illness
                          but reached Palencia 
                                on Monday the 16th
                          intending to leave 
                               on the Friday following 
                         if the weather should be favourable" 
                               (Letter of 16th January).      
                                       [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                                          Foot note  #19]
                        "We arrived on 
                            Friday, 26th January" (1582)
                          after a perilous journey, 
                            of dangerous passages, 
                           flooded roads, floating bridges, 
                             bad weather and illness."
                                      [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #18]      
             _____________________________

  Catalina de Tolosa



  








- A holy widow, who lived  in Burgos
   - She eventually entered the Carmelite
          Foundation at Palencia
   - St. Teresa credits her as the founder
          of the convent monastery at Burgos.
   "and, though at first 
          I did not intend, 
    neither did it enter into my mind,     
          that  Catalina de Tolosa should be 
                    the founder of the house
    her good life obtained it for her 
          from our Lord, 
    who so ordered matters 
          that it became impossible 
     to withhold this honour from her; 
    for, to say nothing of the purchase 
         of the house by her 
    when we had not the means 
         of doing so ourselves"                                
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #27]  
   "Among those 
         who were founders of our monasteries 
     there are some 
         who gave more of their substance, 
    but there is not one 
         who had the tenth part of the trouble 
    it cost her...

   She longed so earnestly 
          to see the monastery founded
   that what she did for that end 
          seemed to her as nothing. 
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #38]      
  "There dwelt in the city of Burgos,
             a holy widow, 
    Catalina de Tolosa
          a Biscayan by birth, 
     of whose 
            goodness, penance, and prayer, 
            great alms-giving and charity, 
            good sense and courage,
     I could speak at great length. 
     She had placed 
        two of her daughters as nuns in the
     Monastery of our Lady of the Conception 
        in Valladolid...
              and
     two others in Palencia.                    
                                         [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #7 ] 

     "These were 
             Catherine of the Assumption and
             Casilda of the Holy Angel 
                     in Valladolid, 
             Mary of S. Joseph and 
             Isabel of the Trinity 
                     in Palencia". 
                             [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                           Foot Note  #12 ] 

       "The four nuns have turned out 
              as the children of such a mother; 
         they are like angels. 
         She gave them 
                a good dowry and 
                everything else most abundantly, 
         for  she herself is very wealthy"
                                  [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #8 ] 


         "God rewarded Catalina de Tolosa
             even in this life, for
                  two sons 
                         and 
                  five daughters 
             were called to the Order
           and finally, 
           after having offered up to Him 
                 seven children
           she,
                like the mother of the Macchabees,
            made a sacrifice of herself. 
             (She entered  the Carmel Convent 
                       at Palencia)
           Catherine of the Assumption
                 the eldest daughter, 
                 professed at Valladolid, 
                       22nd August 1579, 
             became foundress and five times prioress 
                 of the convent of Rioseco 
             where she died, 
                       20th September 1616. 
           Casilda of S. Angelus
             had accompanied her sister 
                 to Valladolid and
             took her vows on the same day 
                      as the former. 
             She eventually was elected prioress there, 
                    and died 2nd October 1632. 
           Mary of S. Joseph 
             took the habit at Palencia
             made her profession 
                  22nd April 1582, 
             and died at Tarazona, 
                  21st July 1613. 
           Isabel of the Blessed Trinity 
             took the habit and 
             was professed 
               together with her sister. 
            She never left Palencia 
            until her death 
               which occurred 8th October 1633... 
    
          The fifth daughter to take the habit was
           Elenita (Helena of Jesus) 
             who received it 
                 from the archbishop himself 
             in presence of S. Teresa, 
             but did not make profession 
                 until 25th June 1586. 

         The elder son of Dona Catalina, 
         Fra Sebastian of Jesus
            entered the Order at Pastrana in 1585. 
            He distinguished himself 
              as lecturer, preacher and administrator, 
            rising from one dignity to another, 
              inclusive of those 
                 of Provincial and Definitor General 
             which he held at the time of his death. 
          The second son, Lesmes
                afterwards Fra John Chrysostom
             was only thirteen 
                when he took the habit, in 1587; 
              he became a celebrated professor 
                 at Salamanca, and died at Palencia. 
           Another child, Beatriz
                 having died in infancy. 
          Dona Catalina joined her two daughters 
                 at Palencia in 1587, 
            being then forty years old. 
           She gave unmistakable proof 
                of humility and obedience 
           when her own daughter was prioress 
                and her son provincial; 
           she also showed her wisdom
                and experience during three years
           she held the office of prioress. 
           She died at Palencia 13th July 1608. 
                                      [ Foundation: Ch. 31: 
                                           Foot Note  #12 ] 
      _________________________
  The Blessedness of a cloistered life.  

            "Nobody 
              who does not know it by experience 
                   will believe the joy 
              we have in these monasteries 
     
               ...souls,  
                    accustomed to live
                          in the torrents of the waters 
                          of their Bridegroom:
               If they be drawn out therefrom 
                    by the nets of the things of this world...
                do not really live 
                    till they are taken back again."

               "those nuns 
                who are conscious of a wish 
                      to go abroad among seculars, 
                               or 
                      to converse much with them, 
                 have reason to be afraid 
                  - that they have never touched 
                       that living water 
                      of which our Lord spoke 
                        to the Samaritan woman,    
                                 and
                  -  that the Bridegroom has 
                        hidden Himself from them, 
                     seeing that they are not content
                        to dwell alone with Him. 
                 I am afraid 
                    that this comes from two sources: 
                    - either they have not undertaken
                         the religious state for Him alone, 
                   - or they do not understand 
                         after undertaking it 
                     what a great grace God gave them 
                  when He 
                      chose them for Himself, 
                                  and 
                      rescued them 
                         from being subject to man, 
                         who very often kills their body... 

                      O my Bridegroom, 
                           very God and very man ! 
                      Is this a grace to be lightly regarded ?  
                        [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #42]      
            ____________________________

  Prayers for the Benefactors of the Foundations

    In addition to Catalina de Tolosa 
            and her family
    in this chapter and throughout this book,
       St. Teresa gave  the names of  those 
    who by their labor and support
        assisted in the establishment of these foundation.
  
    She asks that all the nuns,
        those present at that time and
        those who will enter in the future
    to remember these benefactors in their prayers. 

         "I have given the names of those 
               who were our benefactors 
                    in the beginning, 
         (so) that the nuns 
              now there, 
                  and 
              those who shall come after them, 
         may, as is fitting, 
               remember them in their prayers;
        They are the more bound 
               to do so for founders, 
         [ Foundation: Ch. 31: #27]  
       
        ___________________
           End of  the Discussion 
                  of Chapter 31 
                       of the 
          Book of the Foundations
              of S. Teresa of Jesus 
  of the Order of our Lady of Carmel 

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