Thursday, September 1, 2011

The Book of the Foundations - Chapter 22 - St. Teresa of Avila - Teresa of Jesus

     The Book of the Foundations
              of S. Teresa of Jesus 
 of the Order of our Lady of Carmel  
          CHAPTER 22        XXII 






         Chapter 22 Contents
  Treats Of The Foundation Of 
  The Glorious S. Joseph Del Salvador 
          In Veas, 
    On The Feast Of S. Matthias, 
    In The Year 1575 
1. The Saint invited to Veas. — 
2. She hesitates at first. — 
3. The Visitor consents. — 
4. Origin of the foundation. — 
5. Dona Catalina Godinez. — 
6. Her conversion. — 
7. Grace the free gift of God. — 
8. Satan's rage at the conversion. —
9. Fury of Satan. — 
10. Perseverance of Dona Catalina. — 
11. Her austerities. — 
12. Her illnesses. —
13. Her trials. — 
14. Her courage and confidence. — 
15. Miraculously healed. — 
16. Her great sufferings. — 
17. Wished to conceal the miracle. — 
18. Received the last Sacraments twice. — 
19. The monastery founded. — 
20. The two sisters take the habit. — 
21. A vision of Dona Catalina. — 
22. And its fulfilment. — 
23. Her great confidence in God. — 
24. The two sisters become nuns. 

          CHAPTER 22

1. The Saint invited to Veas.  
1
At the time 
   of which I have been speaking, 
when they sent me 
   from the Incarnation to Salamanca,
   there came to me, 
       when I was in the latter place,
   a messenger from the town of Veas 
       with letters from 
           a lady there, 
           the  parish priest, and 
           other persons, 
        all asking me to
            go thither 
                  and 
         found a monastery
   for they had a house ready
   so that nothing was wanting 
   but my going thither 
      to make the foundation.                     [1]
2. She hesitates at first.  
2
I made inquiries ot the messenger. 
He told me great things of the country, 
   and justly so, 
for it is very pleasant, 
   and the climate is good.
But when I considered 
   -  the many leagues 
         that were between that place and 
       this, I thought it a folly, 
   - especially as I must have an order 
       from the apostolic commissary, 
               who disliked, 
                or at least did not like, 
            my making any more foundations. 
I wished,  therefore, 
   to say in reply
      that I could not, 
   without telling him anything further. 
Afterwards it struck me 
   that, as the commissary was then 
          in Salamanca, 
   it would not be right
          to send such an answer 
   without having his opinion, 
because of the commandment 
  I had received from the most reverend 
    our father-general, 
  not to omit making a foundation
     if occasion offered. 
3. The Visitor consents.  
3
When he saw the letters 
   he sent me word 
     • that he did not think it right 
             to give pain to the writers;
     •  that he was edified by their devotion; 
     •  that I was to 
          ◦ write to them and 
          ◦ say that as soon as they should 
               have obtained 
                    the permission of the order,
                provision would be made 
                    for the foundation. 
He added, also,
   that I need not trouble myself
          — permission would not be given, 
   for he had heard 
          of  the knights by other ways,       [2]
   and people had not been able 
          for many years 
    to obtain their consent; 
    but I was to send a friendly answer.
I think of this sometimes, 
how, when our Lord wills anything
   though we will it not,
it happens without our knowledge 
   that we become the means 
          of doing it
   so it was now 
         with the Father Master, 
          Fray Pedro Fernandez, 
              the commissary;
                                                             
Accordingly, 
when the permission was obtained            [3]
   he could not withhold his own,
and the house was founded in that way. 
4. Origin of the foundation.  
4
The monastery of the blessed S. Joseph 
   in the town of Veas 
was founded on S. Matthias' day,         [4] 
       24th February )
   in the year 1575. 
This was the way it began,
   to the honour and glory ot God. 
In the town dwelt 
  Sancho Rodriguez de Sandoval
    a nobleman of ancient descent and wealthy. 
He was married to a lady 
  whose name is Dona Catalina Godinez
Among the children 
  whom our Lord gave them 
are two daughters
   — the eldest, Dona Catalina Godinez;   [5]
        the younger, Dona Maria de Sandoval;
    they are the founders of the monastery. 
The elder was fourteen years of age            [6]
  when our Lord called her 
 unto His service. 
   Until then she was very far 
         from giving up the world: 
    on the contrary, 
         she thought so much of  herself 
     that she looked upon 
          every offer of marriage 
     which her father brought to her 
          as not fitting for her. 
5. Dona Catalina Godinez.  
5
One day, 
   in an inner room 
beyond that in which her father was, 
   who had not yet risen, 
she happened to read on a crucifix 
    that was there 
the title on the upper part of the cross, 
    when in a moment, 
          as she was reading it, 
     our Lord changed her heart
She had been thinking 
   of an offer of  marriage made to her, 
which was an exceedingly good one, 
   and saying to herself, 
    'How little satisfies my father 
           provided I marry an eldest son ! 
     while I intend 
     that my family shall have 
          its beginning in me.' 
She had no wish to be married, 
  for she thought it a meanness
       to be subject to any one, 
   neither did she know 
       whence her pride arose. 
Our Lord knew how to cure it, 
   blessed be His compassion ! 
6. Her conversion.  
6
Accordingly, 
while she was reading the title 
   a light seemed to have entered her soul, 
as the sun enters into a dark room,
   whereby she saw the truth. 
In that light she fixed her eyes 
   on our Lord nailed to the cross
       shedding His blood, 
and thought 
    of the ill-treatment He received 
            and 
    of His great humility,
            and 
    then how differently she was demeaning 
            herself in her pride. 
She must have spent some time thus, 
  for our Lord threw her into a trance,         [7] 
wherein His Majesty made her 
    - see deeply into her own wretchedness 
              and to 
    - wish  that everybody saw into it. 
He filled her with so great a desire 
   of suffering for God 
that she wished she could undergo 
  all the torments of the martyrs, 
  giving her at the same time 
      so earnest a longing for humiliation 
           in her humility, 
      with a loathing of self, 
  that, if it had not been 
       an offence against God, 
   she could have wished herself 
       one of the most abandoned of women,
   in order that everybody 
       might regard her with loathing; 
accordingly, she began to hate herself, 
   having most earnest desires for penance, 
which she afterwards carried into act. 
She made a vow of  chastity and poverty 
    on the spot, 
 and wished so much to be subject to others 
   that she would have been glad 
if they had taken her there 
   to be a slave in the ( foreign) country
7. Grace the free gift of God.  
7
All these virtues have been so lasting
that it is plain 
    they were a supernatural gift of our Lord
 as will appear later,
   in order that all may praise Him. 
Blessed for ever and ever be Thou,
   O my God, 
who in a moment undoest a soul 
   and then createst it anew
What does it mean, O Lord                     
  I should like now 
      to repeat the question of the apostles, 
  who when Thou hadst healed 
      the blind man 
  asked if his parents had sinned.                [8] 
I ask, Who deserved so sovereign a grace ? 
It was not she, 
   for the thoughts from which 
      Thou didst withdraw her
  when Thou gavest her that grace
      are what I have described. 
O Lord, how high are Thy judgments ! 
Thou knowest what Thou doest, 
   and I do not know 
       what I am saying, 
   for Thy works and Thy judgments 
       are beyond all comprehension.
Glory be unto Thee forever, 
  who canst do still greater things; 
for if it were not so 
  what would become of me ? 
But her mother must have had 
   some share in this, 
for, as she was a most devout Christian, 
   it is possible 
      that Thou, full of compassion, 
        must in Thy goodness 
     have granted her to see in this life 
        so great a virtue in her daughters. 
I think sometimes 
that Thou bestowest like graces 
    on those who love Thee
and art so merciful unto them 
    as to give them children
 in whom they shall serve Thee. 
8. Satan's rage at the conversion.  
8
While she was thus occupied 
  she heard so loud a noise                        [9]
      overhead in the room 
  that she thought the whole place 
     must be tumbling down. 
The sounds seemed to descend 
   to the ground in a corner of the room, 
and to come towards her in the spot 
   where she was standing. 
She heard also loud roaring cries, 
  which lasted for some time: 
   so strange were they 
   that her father, 
       who, as I have just said, 
            had not yet risen, 
       was greatly alarmed and
       began to quake with fear, 
       and then, like a man beside himself, 
            having put on his dressing-gown, 
       rushed into her room 
            sword in hand, and, pale with terror, 
   asked her 
           what the noise came from. 
She answered him 
   that she had seen nothing. 
He looked into another room beyond, 
   and seeing nothing told her 
           to go to her mother, 
   whom he asked 
          not to leave her daughter alone, 
   telling her what he had heard. 
9. Fury of Satan. 
9
This shows plainly enough 
   what Satan must feel 
when he sees a soul 
    which he thinks his own 
rescued from his hands. 
As he hates our welfare so much, 
  I am not surprised 
that when he beholds 
   our merciful Lord bestowing 
        so many graces at once 
he should be alarmed, 
    and show his anger so plainly, 
    especially if he sees that, 
          through the wealth of grace 
    treasured up in that soul, 
         he is to lose others 
    he looked on as his own. 
I am persuaded myself 
that our Lord never grants 
     a grace so great 
without communicating it 
    also to other persons besides
She never spoke of this to anybody, 
   but she had a very strong desire
        to enter religion,
   and frequently asked her parents 
        for their consent; 
        they would never give it. 
10. Perseverance of Dona Catalina.   
10
At the end of three years, 
  during which she had often 
      asked their consent, 
   seeing that they would never give way, 
   she dressed herself very simply 
      on the feast of  S. Joseph.                 [10]
She told her mother, 
   and her mother only, 
whose consent to her becoming a nun 
   could be more easily had, 
but she would not venture 
   to tell her father, 
and so went to church trusting that, 
   once seen in public in that dress, 
she might not be made to change; 
and so It came to pass. 
During those three years 
  she used 
     - to set aside certain hours for prayer, 
              and 
     - to mortify herself in every way 
              she could, 
       as our Lord taught her. 
She would 
      go into the courtyard, 
      moisten her face, 
            and then 
     expose it to the sun, 
  in order that, being thereby disfigured, 
     she might escape 
           from the offers of marriage 
     with which she was harassed still. 
11. Her austerities. 
11
She was unwilling to command others, 
  but, as she had the charge 
      of her father's household, 
  she must give orders to the women therein,
     for she could not help it: 
  that done, 
     she would wait till they were asleep, 
   and then go and kiss their feet, 
     distressed at being waited on by those 
         who were better than herself. 
As she was occupied all day 
   with her father and mother, 
she spent the whole night, 
   when she might have been asleep, 
         in prayer, 
   so that very often 
        she hardly slept at all; 
    which seems Impossible, 
         were it not that it was all supernatural. 
Her  penances and disciplines were many, 
  for she had no director, 
and so told nobody of them. 
Among other things she did was this: 
   she once wore her father's coat 
       of mail next her flesh 
   during  the whole of Lent. 
   She would retire for prayer
        into a lonely place, 
   where the devil used to mock her 
        in strange ways. 
Very often she began 
   to pray at ten o'clock at night, 
and did not rise therefrom 
   till it was day. 
12. Her illnesses.  
12
She passed nearly four years 
   in these practices, 
 when our Lord 
        — for she had to render Him 
               other and higher services — 
   began to send her 
         most grievous and painful sicknesses,
     such as 
         a continual fever, 
         with dropsy and
         disease of the heart. 
     He sent her also a cancer in the breast,
     which was cut out.
 In short, her illnesses lasted
      about seventeen years, 
and she was scarcely ever well. 
After five years, 
   during which God was 
          thus merciful to her, 
   her father died;                                      [11] 
and her sister, 
    being fourteen years old, 
         though very fond of show, 
   - dressed herself  simply 
         a year after her sister made the change, 
                    and 
   - began also to grive herself unto prayer, 
  the mother encouraging them both 
      in their good desires and practices, 
              and 
      allowing them to occupy themselves
               in an admirable work, 
               but foreign to their condition:
         that of teaching little girls 
               to work and read; 
         -  not for any payment, 
         -  but simply for the opportunity 
                          thereby had 
                     of teaching them 
                          their catechism and 
                          their prayers. 
A great good was wrought, 
    for many went to them, 
and the good habits 
   in which they were thus trained 
when quite young 
   may be traced in them at this day. 
This did not last long, 
  for the devil, 
        vexed to see so much good done, 
   persuaded the parents 
         that it was mean in them 
               to allow their daughters 
         to be taught for nothing.                 [12]
This, 
     together with illnesses now beginning, 
   made them give up that work. 
13. Her trials.  
13
Five years after the father's death, 
  the mother also died,                            [13]
and Dona Catalina, 
   as her vocation had always been
       that of a nun
              — only she could not obtain 
                   her father's consent — 
   wished to become one at once. 
Her kindred advised her, 
   as there was no monastery in Veas, 
that, having means sufficient 
          for a foundation, 
   the sisters should found a monastery 
          in their own place, 
   which would be a greater service 
          to our Lord. 
As the place belonged 
        to a commandery 
        of the knights of S. James, 
   a licence from the council of the orders 
        was necessary, 
   and so she began to make efforts
         to obtain it. 
It was so difficult to get 
   that four years went by
 in much labour and expense, 
 and nothing was done
   till a petition 
       was drawn up and 
        presented to the king. 
The difficulty being so great, 
  it came to pass 
that her kindred 
      told her it was folly to persist, 
             and 
     would have her give up her plan; 
     moreover, as she was almost always 
         in her bed, suffering so much, 
               as I said before, 
     they said that into no monastery 
         could she be received as a nun. 


14. Her courage and confidence.   
14
Her answer was, 
that if within a month
      our Lord gave her again her health 
  it would be a sign to them 
      that He was pleased with her plan, 
     and she would herself go to court 
          to bring it about                               [14] 
When she said this 
she had been 
    for six months 
        without leaving her bed, 
               and 
    for eight months 
        had been scarcely able 
              to move herself in it. 
At this time she had been for eight years 
   in a continual fever, 
 with consumption and dropsy; 
she was also wasted 
     by an inflammation of the liver, 
which was so violent 
     that the burning heat of it 
         was felt through the bedclothes, 
                 and 
          singed her shirts. 
It seems incredible, 
but I heard so myself 
    from the physician 
         of whom I  made inquiries 
    about the illnesses she then had, 
         and at which he was greatly amazed. 
She had also rheumatic gout and sciatica. 
15. Miraculously healed.   
15
On the vigil of S. Sebastian, 
     which was a Saturday,                      [15] 
our Lord restored her 
     to health so completely
 that she could not hide the fact,
   that the miracle might not become known. 
Her account is 
that at the moment our Lord 
     was about to heal her 
  she had an inward quaking, 
     which made her sister think she was dying; 
  she herself was conscious 
       of some very great change in her body, 
                 and 
       of  another in her soul; 
  she felt so well. 
She had now a greater joy in her health, 
     because it enabled her 
      to prosecute the affair of the monastery
     than she had had in suffering, 
        for from the very first 
            when God called her 
        she so hated herself 
             that she did not regard her sufferings. 
She says that her desire to suffer 
   was so strong 
that she used to pray God 
    with her whole heart 
to try her in all manner of suffering. 
16. Her great sufferings.   
16
His Majesty did not fail 
    to fulfil her desire, 
for  in eight years
   she was bled 
         more than five hundred times, 
   and cupped so often besides 
that the marks were still 
    to be seen in her flesh. 
Sometimes salt was applied, 
  because one of the physicians said 
it was good for drawing out 
   the poisonous humours 
which caused the pain in her side: 
this she underwent 
   more than twenty times. 
What is more wonderful still is this: 
  — whenever the physician told her 
        that this remedy was
            to be had recourse to, 
        she used to long 
            for the coming of the time 
       when it was to be used, 
            without any fear whatever, 
       and she herself 
            encouraged the physicians 
       when they cauterised the cancer, 
            which was often done, 
       and on other occasions 
        when such violent means were used. 
She says
    that what made her wish for suffering 
was the desire to know 
    if those longings she had 
            to be a martyr 
    were real. 
17. Wished to conceal the miracle. 
17
When she found herself suddenly well 
  she spoke to her confessor and physician 
        about removing into another place,
  that they might be able to say 
        that a change of residence had done it. 
They refused: 
so far from it, 
  the physicians published it abroad, 
for they looked on her state as incurable,  
 because the blood 
       that issued from her mouth 
   was so corrupt
      that they said it was the lungs themselves. 
She continued three days in bed, 
  and would not venture to leave it, 
lest her restoration to health 
  should become known; 
but, as she could not hide it any more 
  than she was able to hide her sickness, 
it was of  little service to her. 
She told me 
 - that,  one day 
         in the month of August previously,
   she begged our Lord 
     either to take from her 
         the great desire she had 
             to be a nun and found a monastery, 
     or to furnish her with the means 
        of accomplishing that desire, 
              and 
 - that she was completely assured 
     that she would be well in time 
    to go to the court in Lent for the licence. 
18. Received the last Sacraments twice.  
18
She says too
 that, though her ailments were 
             at that time 
       much more grievous to bear, 
she never ceased to hope 
   that our Lord would grant her that grace. 
And, though she received 
     the Sacrament of the Last Anointing twice 
   — once in such imminent peril 
         that the physician said 
           there was not time enough 
                to send for the Holy Oil, 
                      and 
           that she would be dead 
                 before it could be brought to her —
  she never abandoned her trust in our Lord, 
    being certain that she was to die a nun. 
I do not mean 
  that she was anointed twice 
between August and the feast of  S. Sebastian
  — it was before that time. 
When her brothers and kindred saw 
   the goodness of our Lord to her, 
       and 
   the miracle He wrought
     in the sudden restoration of her health, 
 they would not venture 
     to hinder her journey, 
  though they regarded it as a folly. 
She was three months at the court, 
  and her request was in the end refused. 
She then presented her petition 
       to the king, 
 who, when he saw it related 
       to the barefooted nuns of Carmel, 
    ordered it to be granted forthwith.        [16]

19. The monastery founded.  
19
When the monastery came to be founded 
  it was plain 
that she had treated the matter with God, 
  for the superiors, 
             though so far away, and 
             the revenue so scanty, 
     were ready to accept it. 
What His Majesty wills 
    must be done without fail
Accordingly the nuns arrived 
   in the beginning of Lent, 1575
the people came forth in procession 
   to receive them with solemn rejoicings. 
There was great joy everywhere; 
even the little children showed it
   to be a work pleasing to our Lord. 
The monastery, 
   under the invocation of
      S. Joseph of  the Redeemer
 was founded in Lent 
   on the feast of  S. Mathias.                   [17]


20. The two sisters take the habit.  
20
On the same day the two sisters, 
   to their great joy, 
   received the habit                            [18]
The health of Dona Catalina improved still. 
Her humility, obedience, and
      desire to be thought nothing of 
   show plainly 
       how real were her good desires 
   for the service of our Lord. 
Unto Him be glory for ever and ever ! 
21. A vision of Dona Catalina.   
21
The sister told me, 
         among other things, 
that, about twenty years before, 
   she went to rest one night 
anxious to find 
   the most perfect order in the world,
that she might become a nun in it; 
and that, as she thinks, 
  she began to dream she was walking 
     on a very steep and narrow path
 in the utmost danger 
      of falling down a precipice, 
when she saw a barefooted friar, 
  who said to her, 
     'Sister, come with me.' 
On seeing Fray Juan de la Miseria,     [19]
       a lay brother of the order, 
  who came to Veas 
       when I was there, 
  she said 
       that he seemed to be the very person 
  she had seen. 
The friar took her to a house 
   wherein were a great many nuns, 
but there was no light in it 
   beyond that given by the lighted candles
 which the nuns carried in their hands. 
She asked them to tell her 
   what order it was; 
all kept silence, and, lifting up their veils
   showed countenances cheerful and smiling. 
She assures me 
  -  that she then saw the faces 
           of the very sisters 
     she has seen here, and 
  - that the prioress took her by the hand 
        and said to her, 
            'Child, I want you here,' 
        and  showed her 
            the constitutions and the rule
When she awoke from her dream 
   she was very joyous, 
for it seemed to her 
   that she had been in heaven, 
and wrote down 
   what she remembered of the rule
For a long time she said nothing of this 
   to her confessor or to anybody else, 
and nobody could tell her 
   what order that was. 
22. And its fulfilment.  
22
A father of the society,                         [20]
    came to the place
who knew her wishes; 
she showed him the paper, 
   saying that if she could find that order 
       she should be happy, 
   for she would enter it at once. 
The father knew our monasteries, 
    and so he told her 
  that it was the rule 
   of the order of our Lady of Carmel
he did not, however, 
  say this clearly in as many words 
so as to make her understand, 
  but only that it was the rule 
of the monasteries I was founding
and thus it came about that 
  she sent me a messenger, 
     as I said before.                                [21]
When my answer was received 
   she was so ill 
that her confessor told her 
   she must be quiet, 
for if she were in the monastery 
   they would send her away;
it was therefore very unlikely 
  they would receive her in her present state. 
She was very much distressed at this, 
  and, turning to our Lord in great earnestness,
 said, 
      'O my Lord and my God, 
       I know by faith
           that Thou canst do all things; 

       then, O life of my soul, 
          either take away from me 
             these desires 
          or give to me the means 
             of carrying them into effect.' 
23. Her great confidence in God.  
23
This she said in great truthfulness, 
     beseeching our Lady, 
 by the sorrow she felt 
  when she looked on our Lord 
     dead in her arms, 
   to intercede for her. 
She heard a voice within herself saying, 
   'Believe and hope: 
    I am almighty: 
    thou shalt have thy health; 
    for to Him 
          who is able to hinder thee 
               from dying of so many diseases, 
          all of them in themselves deadly, 
    it is more easy to take them away.' 
These words, she says, 
    gave her such strength and confidence
 that she could not doubt 
    of the fulfilment of her desire, 
though her sufferings became 
    much more grievous 
until our Lord restored her to health, 
   as I have already said. 
These things certainly seemed incredible, 
and, 
if I had not learnt them 
    of her physician, 
    of those of her household, and others, 
  I should not have been disinclined to think
            — for I am so wicked — 
  that there was some exaggeration
     in the story. 
24. The two sisters become nuns. 
24
Although delicate, 
     her health is now such
 that she can keep the rule, 
    and her constitution is good; 
she is exceedingly cheerful, 
  and in every way, as I said before, 
      so humble 
that we all praise our Lord for it. 
The two sisters gave 
    all they possessed to the order 
 without any conditions whatever, 
and if they should not be received as nuns 
   they required no compensation. 
Her detachment from kindred 
    and her native place is great, 
and she has even a strong desire 
   to go far away, 
and is very importunate on this point 
   with her superiors; 
yet so great is her obedience 
  that she abides there 
in a certain contentment.
It was under obedience
   that she received the veil, 
for there was no persuading her 
   to be a choir nun 
    — she would be a lay sister — 
    till I wrote to her, 
       giving her many reasons, 
            and 
       finding fault with her 
          for having a will of her own 
          instead of yielding 
               to the father provincial. 
I told her 
  that this was not the way 
          to increase her merit, 
   with much beside,
      treating her somewhat sharply. 
But it is her greatest joy 
    to be thus spoken to, 
and in this way 
  she was won over very much 
     against her will. 
I know of  nothing about this soul
   that is not pleasing unto God, 
 and  she is so to all. 
May it please His Majesty
   to protect her with His arm, 
 and increase her goodness, 
   and the grace He has given her, 
to His own further service and  honour ! 
Amen.                                          [22]



          Foot Notes:
 [1]
   This was in 1573 

     [ Reforma, bk. in. ch. xxxii. 11 ]. 
   Veas is situated on the border 
       of  New Castille, Andalucia and Murcia. 
_______________________
 [2]
  Veas was subject to the jurisdiction 
      of a military order, 
   that of the knights of S. James
       [ See  Paragraph # 13. ]
______________________
 [3]
   S. Pius V, 
    applied to once more by Philip II, 
    undertook the reform of the Carmelites, 
              and 
    ordered all the friars in Andalucia 
        to submit to the visitation 
              of the ordinary, 
       who was to be assisted 
              by the Dominicans 
        in all those places 
        where Dominicans had a monastery. 
    The Carmelites resisted 
        and made loud outcries, 
    so that the king was compelled 
        to beg the Pope 
     to recall the order 
        and apply another remedy. 
     Thereupon his Holiness determined 
      that the Carmelites should be visited 
         by Dominicans, 
      and appointed as his delegate and visitor 
         for the province of Castille,
             Fray Pedro Fernandez
              prior of Talavera de la Reina ; 
                          and 
        for the province of Andalucia, 
             Fray Francisco de Vargas
              prior of S. Paul's, Cordova. 
       The bulls of these visitors
              have been lost, 
        but their date is known, 
              20th August 1569; 
        they were made visitors for four years 
          [ Reforma, bk. 11. ch. xxxviii. 4]. 
        Fray Antonio of S. Joseph says 
         that the original bulls were preserved 
           in the house of the Carmelite nuns 
               in Toledo. 
__________________________
 [4]
   24th February. 
_____________________
 [5]   Dona Catalina Godinez
   Born in 1534
   [ Reforma de los Descalcos  
        bk. iii. ch. xxxii. 2 ],
   but in 1540 according 
     to the second vol. of the same work. 
______________________
 [6]  Dona Catalina Godinez
  She was exactly fifteen years old 
      on the day this event happened,  (1555) 
      being born in 1540
    on the 24th of February 1575,
         she took the habit 

    and died on the 23rd February 1586. 
        [ Oeuvres, iv. 3. sqq.] 
________________________
 [7] Dona Catalina Godinez 
   Our Lord showed her in a vision 
      her own heart, 
   full of corruption and loathsome worms 
      [ Reforma, ibid. ]. 
_______________________
 [8]
  S. John ix. 2: 
  Rabbi,  quis peccavit hic aut parentes eius 
     ut caecus nasceretur 
_____________________
  [9] 
  The chronicler says the noise was 
   as the bellowing of bulls 
     [ Reforma, lib iii: xxxii, 2 ]
_______________________
 [10]
   19th March 1558, 
    'habito honesto',
   that is, a kind of penitential dress 
       worn by devout women. 
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
    Blog Note:
    'habito honesto',
    habit honorable
    honorable  dress (habit) 
   1Timothy 2: 9
    Asimismo también las mujeres, 
    ataviándose en hábito honesto
   con vergüenza y modestia; 
    no con cabellos  encrespados, 
    u oro, ó perlas, 
    ó vestidos costosos.
   
   "In like manner, women also 
   in decent apparel: adorning themselves 
      with modesty and sobriety, 
    not with plaited hair, 
       or gold, or pearls, 
       or costly attire"
___________________________
 [11]
  Dona Catalina, 
     seeing that while her father lived, 
         it was impossible for her 
              to enter religion, 
    prayed to God 
         for either the means of entering 
         or the removal of her strong desires 
              to leave the world. 
   She then heard a voice saying to her, 
    'Do not distress thyself; 
     thy father will die 
            within two or three weeks. 
     Bid him be ready.' 
     She was very unwilling to do this, 
      but as the time was passing away 
         she said to her father,
                in a pleasant way, 
        'You are in better health, I think,
          than you have ever been.' 
      Don Sancho replied,
       'Well, I never was better in all my life.' 
      Whereupon the daughter said,
       'Then it is a sign that death is near, 
         and remember that in our family 
           we always die in August. 
         You should put everything in order.' 
      Don Sancho was so much struck 
         by what his child said
      that he set his affairs in order at once, 
      made his preparations for death, 
      and on the third day 
         God took him to Himself
        [ Reforma,  bk. III. ch. xxxii. 8]. 
         It was in August 1560. 
______________________
 [12]
  This sarcasm of the Saint is expressive, 
    and hits off the behindhand of  Spaniards 
   in her day. 
   It is likely enough 
     that there was no school there 
      for little girls. 
    Two young ladies of noble birth 
        give themselves up out of charity
     to the gratuitous education of children; 
     but people calling themselves gentlemen
     find that their daughters must 
        not mix with the children of the poor,
        nor be educated for nothing, 
             as they were. 
     They would rather have them ignorant.    
     That the country is behindhand 
       has been laid to the charge 
           of the religious orders. 
      Would it not have been better 
           to lay the fault at the door 
       of vanity and easygoingness, 
           the natural vices of the country? 
             (Fuente).  
_____________________
 [13]
    Blog note:
   This footnote position was tagged 
    but we (bloggers) couldn't locate the
    intended footnote text in this  book.
    Another version**  says:
    "In 1560, about two years before the Saint
       founded her first monastery in Avila"
   ** "St Teresa of Jesus of the Order
              of Our Lady of Mt Carmel
           embracing The Life , Relations, 
              Maxims, and Foundations"
          Page 542
          Edited by John J. Burke, C.S.P.
          from www.books.google.com
________________________
[14]
  She made this answer 
        19th December 1571, 
   according  to Yepes, ii.  27; 
   but Rlbera, iii. 3, says
   it was on the 29th December,
     having in the previous August 
     received from our Lord a promise 
    that her heath would be restored to her 
   in time to go to Madrid in Lent, 
   as the Saint tells us  (§ 17). 
__________________

 [15]
  'The Vigil of S. Sebastian 
 which was a Saturday.' 
 This was 19th January 1572, 
   which actually did fall on a Saturday,
  but it should be borne in mind 
  that the dates relative to Catherine of Jesus
               ( Catalina de Jesus )
     present many difficulties; 
   the chronicler of the Order corrected 
    in his second volume 
   those given in the first, and
    his amended figures have been adopted 
   by the editors of the new French translation 
        [ Oeuvres, iv. 6 J'ff.], 
   and also by the present writer, 
     with the exception of the last two dates,
   whereas Mr Lewis had followed 
      those given in the first volume 
    of the Reforma. 
   Although S. Teresa's memory 
        with regard to dates 
      was sometimes at fault 
    the indication in the text seems too precise
        to be set aside without cogent reason. 
   As to the actual circumstances 
      of the miraculous cure 
    the Reforma (bk. vii, ch. xx) 
     quotes a paper written by Catherine herself 
    in which she says
    that on the day in question 
      an altar had been prepared in her room 
       with a picture representing
     the Descent from the Cross, 
       for she was about to receive 
             Holy Communion. 
  In presence of  several witnesses 
    among whom was a Jesuit father, 
          Juan de Eraso,
    the face of Christ suddenly 
          was covered with heavy perspiration, 
  which some persons attributed 
         to a miracle 
   while others suggested some natural cause. 
   They handed the picture to the sick person
     who was seized with a violent fit 
          of trembling and such anguish 
     that she thought her end had come. 
   Holding it in her arms 
   and pressing her face against 
      that of our Lord, 
    she, too, was covered with perspiration. 
   At the same time she felt 
     a great change in her whole body 
    as if all her diseases were 
       being taken away like a garment. 
  She heard a voice saying within herself: 
    'Arise, thou art cured, 
     go and ask for the permission
          (to found a convent), 
     for thou wilt obtain it.' 
    And all at once she felt so well 
       as if she had never been ill. 
_____________________
[16]
  S. Teresa herself addressed a letter
    to the king 
  supporting the request of Dona Catalina. 
_______________________
 [17]
  On Thursday after the first Sunday in Lent. 
  The poverty of this house was so great 
     that in 1603 the superiors of the order 
   resolved to break it up, 
      and, in order to make the dispersion 
         of the nuns the more easy 
      to the other houses, 
   issued an order, 
             in the expectation 
            that the elder nuns would die,
       that no more novices should be admitted, 
  but the inhabitants of the town 
       admonished by a vision of S. Teresa
  offered resistance. 
  Thus it subsisted for many years, 
    but there was no death among the nuns.
  The superiors at last  recalled (recinded) 
      the order about novices, 
   and on the very day that recall was known  
    in the monastery postulants came in, 
       and the old nuns began to die.
           (Fray Antonio of S. Joseph.) 
   The nuns were dispersed 
            in the civil wars, 
   and the convent became suppressed, 
     the only foundation of S. Teresa 
     that suffered such a fate. 
   But it was restored in 1899. 
     [ Oeuvres, iv. 364.  ] 
____________________
  [18] 
  Dona Catalina was in religion 
      Catherine of Jesus
  and her sister, Maria of Jesus
   both made their profession 
        11th September 1576
  The eldest wished to be a lay sister,  and
   it required the authority of S. Teresa
     to make her a choir nun 
         (See Paragraph § 24 ). 
     She was afterwards prioress of the house, 
       dying 23rd February 1586. 
    The younger sister (Maria of Jesus)
       who became befriended 
            with S. John of the Cross 
       from whom she received two letters 
           (no. xii and xv),
    was chosen for the foundation at Cordova 
       where she became prioress, 
         and died l0th August 1604. 
                 [ Oeuvres, iv. 295 ].
____________________
 [19]
    See Foundations: ch. xvii, 5, note.
____________________
 [20] 
  Father Bartholomew Bustamante. 
       [ Oeuvres, iv. 18, note.   ]
____________________

 [21]
   See Paragraph § 1, above. 
____________________


  [22]
  The final arrangements 
    for the foundation in Veas 
  were made  when the Saint was prioress 
   of her own house in Avila; 
   the three years of her priorate
     in her old house,
    the monastery of the Incarnation, 
     being ended 6th October 1574. 
   She was in the monastery of Valladolid
    at Christmas, 
    but returned to Avila after visiting her 
      sisters at Medina del Campo 
    early in the year 1575. 
     (See below, ch. xxvii. 5). 
   Then,  leaving Avila for Veas, 
    she went through Toledo, 
    and took with her from the house there  
       Mary, of S. Joseph and 
       Isabel of S. Francis
     afterwards prioress in Lisbon and Seville.
    She also sent for Anne of  Jesus 
       from Salamanca. 
     From Toledo she went to Malagon, 
       and from that monastery took with her
         Mary of the Visitation, 
         Isabel of S. Jerome, 
         Leonor of S. Gabriel, 
         Beatrix of S. Michael, 
         Anne of S. Michael and 
         Mary of the Holy Ghost
     Anne of Jesus was made prioress
     and the sub-prioress was 
         Mary of the Visitation 
         [ Ribera, iii, 3 ; 
           Yepes, ii, 27 ; 
           Reforma, bk. in. ch. xxxiii. i ; 
           Oeuvres, iv. 14 ] . 



           End of  Chapter 22 
                     of the 
          Book of the Foundations
             of S. Teresa of Jesus 
  of the Order of our Lady of Carmel 
  

No comments:

Post a Comment